August 2, 2013

Poor Leadership Let Bradley Manning Hurt Us

Many ask how Bradley Manning was able to access, amass and expose 700,000 of our nation’s classified documents. The simple answer is the use of a Lady Gaga CD and abuse of the trust that was placed in him to not copy classified data and release it to the world. But failed leadership gave him an unparalleled opportunity. Pouring over various leaders’ own words as reported on alexaobrien.com  and Bradley Manning’s defense’s request for Article 32 witnesses portray a clear picture of the litany of errors. They are shocking but at no time do they excuse Bradley Manning from responsibility for his crimes. Doing so would be like blaming a bad cop for a criminal committing murder.

Manning served in a unit with some severe leadership challenges. COL David M. Miller, BDE commander, moved Manning’s officer in charge, Major Cliff Clausen, the S-2 or intel section chief, while deployed because after six months this officer didn’t “communicate information the way the commander needed it.”  Four months later, Manning’s company commander was relieved for poor accountability and decision making. These changes had no direct impact on Manning, but they do indicate some shortcomings in enforcing standards.

Bradley Manning was an analyst in the intel section of a BDE HQ of the 2nd BDE 10th ID. His unit was under great pressure to deploy. Intel analysts don’t grow on trees and aren’t easily replaced. The more problem troops a command leaves behind, the greater the challenge one places on a rear detachment which is a skeleton crew with varying levels of “talent.” Manning’s NCOIC MSG Paul Adkins knew things about PFC Manning that would have kept him home (a pattern of antisocial behavior, yelling at superiors, and pictures demonstrating he had gender identity issues, which would have been grounds for a chapter from the service). The NCOIC chose not to share those issues with his chain of command. Again, not an excuse for Manning’s behavior, but one of many mistakes that kept Manning in a position to hurt the nation.

Once deployed, two key factors emerged that facilitated Manning’s future crimes. First, his NCOIC was allowed wide latitude by the relieved S2. Not bad in and of itself, but mistakes were not corrected and MAJ Clausen had no relationship with his troops. This was allowed to continue under the new S2, CPT Steven Lim, where at least two officers and as many NCOs who voiced reservations about Manning, his behavior and suitability for access to classified info were told that this was “NCO business.” On one occasion where Manning was being counseled for being late, he flipped a table causing two computers and a radio to crash to the ground. He had to be placed in a full nelson by a warrant officer to calm down. He was counseled, but access to classified data and a weapon were still allowed.


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About the Author

MAJ (Ret.) Will Rodriguez Will served over 20 years as an Infantry officer serving in Europe, the Middle East, Korea and Latin America. He has extensive experience in both light Infantry and mechanized warfare to include combat. He was selected to serve as a TAC at West Point and his final assignment was to the Infantry’s Battle Lab conducting research on tomorrow’s Infantry force. He concentrated in National Security at West Point, holds a Master’s Degree in Counseling & Leadership Development and is a graduate of the Combined Arms General Staff College. Born and raised in a tough section of New York City, Will lost his accent in the Army but kept the attitude. Read more from Will at http://gruntsandco.com/

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  • SEAL76

    Poor leadership is the cause for so many of the problems that our modern armed forces have and had. The war in Vietnam was lost because of poor leadership from politicians and general officers. The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq were fought bravely by the men who were assigned to both of those wars. Leadership from politicians was abysmal. Nation building and trying to establish democracies in areas not suited for that kind of government have cost the  needless loss of dedicated service personnel. Generals and Admirals who were too weak to tell the politicians that the armed forces purpose is to engage and destroy the enemy are to blame. Unreasonable ROE and lawyers have no place in war. As for Manning he is a traitor and got far less than he deserved for his crimes.

  • majrod

    "Manning Takes Stand, Apologizes for Hurting US"  http://www.military.com/daily-news/2013/08/15/manning-takes-stand-apologizes-for-hurting-us.html?ESRC=eb.nl Funny how waiting on a judge to decide on how much of 90 years in jail you should get can make you sorry...

  • majrod

    FWIW, the below article confirmed the BDE XO and first S2 that was relieved also recieved letters of reprimand. Kerns and Clausen both said they received letters of reprimand as a result of an Army investigation into Manning's actions. They are among 15 people disciplined in the case." http://www.military.com/daily-news/2013/08/13/manning-defense-keys-on-mental-health-leadership.html?ESRC=eb.nlThe defense strategy in the sentencing phase has focused on Manning's mental health and poor leadership.  Just gotta love how in today's society you can blame a boss for one's decision to do the wrong thing.   It's akin to "my boss didn't lock the register so he made it too easy for me to steal".

  • majrod

    Here is an interesting blog written by a former Captain doing time in Leavenworth.  Interesting in respect to a view from the inside. http://captainincarcerated.wordpress.com/ He never mentions what he did which makes me leery AND curious.

  • majrod

    cllueloyes and yes. http://www.court-martial.com/Practice-Areas/Appeal-Of-Actions-Under-The-UCMJ/UCMJ-Clemency-And-Parole.shtml I've heard 5% of military convicts get parole but I can't confirm.