A coalition force of approximately 7,500 Peshmerga-led Kurdish soldiers, flanked by 2,000 soldiers belonging to Shingal’s Protection Units (the ethnic minority residents of Sinjar/Shingal), the guerrilla militias of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG and YPJ), and units from the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), launched a coordinated assault in the Sinjar region against ISIS fortified positions at 07:00 (local), 12 November, 2015. The offensive was supported by U.S. and British air strikes.
The breach in ISIS lines was facilitated with the help of no less than 40 U.S. air strikes, which besieged ISIS fortifications in and around the Shingal region throughout the week. Yet the hard fighting up the arid and rocky terrain was executed by the unified factions of Kurdish forces. Fortunately for these forces, the majority of the nearby villages had been essentially uninhabited since ISIS forces claimed the region nearly 18 months ago. The absence of civilians on the battlefield has allowed for easier target discrimination and limited house-to-house urban combat while expelling ISIS forces, ensuring a swift victory for the Kurdish coalition.
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