Any modern country has a wide variety of assets to protect. Some of those assets are more necessary than others for the country’s security, welfare, and economy in general. Such critical assets include power grids, water supplies, public-transit systems, and telecommunications, to name a few. Critical infrastructure has to be protected from a wide variety of threats, both domestic and foreign. Given the nature of critical infrastructure, much of it is interconnected and interoperates through the use of technology—thus increasing the overall risk of possible threats.
As such, every country follows a variety of procedures and operations to minimize the risk of interrupting any critical infrastructure operations. It has to be mentioned here, though, that no one can completely erase the risk because, at any given time, there may be vulnerabilities in those infrastructures that we are not aware of.
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