Also known as Green Berets, because of their distinctive headwear, Special Forces soldiers operate in 12-man teams, known as the Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha (SFODA). ODAs most often work with a partner force, which can either be a guerilla group or a government. Each ODA focuses on a different insertion method (Military Freefall, Combat Diver, Mobility, and Mountain). Green Berets are cultural experts in the assigned geographical region and speak local languages, which is key when working with a partner force.
There are five active-duty (1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, and 10th) and two National Guard (19th and 20th) Special Forces Groups that specialize in different geographical areas.
From the history of the iconic Green Beret to weapons and famous engagements, this is the complete Special Forces guide as written by former SOCOM members.
ARTICLES FROM SOFREP
The Waterborne Infiltration Course, the Special Forces Version of Ranger School
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Strange Days in the Green Berets: Of Pipes and Dogs
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The Time Special Forces Combat Divers Recovered 26 Americans From the Floor of the Pacific Ocean
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What Special Forces Means to the Real First Female Green Beret
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Swim or Die: The conclusion of the Special Forces swim from hell
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Special Operations hand-to-hand combat: Post-Vietnam
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Green Beret Killed in Pre-Scuba Swimming Exercise Is Identified3
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