When it comes to rifle cartridges, few debates ignite as much fervor as the comparison between the 308 Winchester and the 7.62 NATO. While similar in appearance and performance, these two cartridges have key differences that set them apart.

Understanding these differences is crucial for firearms enthusiasts, hunters, and marksmen.

This article delves into the nuances of the 308 Winchester and the 7.62 NATO, exploring their history, specifications, ballistics, and practical applications.

Whether you’re a seasoned shooter or a newcomer to firearms, this comparative analysis will provide valuable insights into these two popular cartridges.

History about 308 Winchester and 7.62 NATO

The history of the 308 Winchester and the 7.62 NATO is intertwined, with both cartridges having roots in military applications.

308 Winchester

308 Winchester Cartridge Dimensions

The 308 Winchester was introduced by Winchester in 1952, based on the 30-06 Springfield cartridge case shortened to fit a shorter action rifle.

It quickly gained popularity among civilian shooters due to its excellent accuracy and relatively mild recoil. The 308 Winchester became a favorite among hunters, target shooters, and law enforcement agencies around the world.