The Taliban, a militant Islamic theocratic group, is currently in its second reiteration of rule over Afghanistan. Waiting out the US-led coalition, the Taliban quickly forced the Afghan Army into one of world history’s most significant military collapses.

Despite the militant group’s humiliating withdrawal and lightning advance, the Taliban now face many issues ruling Afghanistan. Already a third-world country during the NATO-led intervention, Afghanistan is now deteriorating past the expectations of a failed state under Taliban rule.

Afghanistan Today

Immediately after capturing Kabul and waiting out the last American Forces from the airport, the Taliban promised they would respect the rights of the citizens. The promises the militant group made were quickly reneged on as the Shura council would enact hardline Sharia law throughout Afghanistan.

The Taliban’s ruling body has banned women from attending school and holding most public positions. The strict decisions have drawn the ire of the United Nations Security Council, which unanimously approved a resolution to end the draconian measures.

Nevertheless, the Taliban has ignored all international calls to respect the rights of the people and continues to carry out archaic methods of control. Public executions, lashings, and stoning have all been documented since the Taliban retook power in 2021.

Deteriorating Socioeconomic Issues

Afghanistan historically always had a third-world economy with little economic development. The West poured hundreds of billions in financial aid to help develop the nation during the 20 years of war, but rampant corruption ruined many proposed projects.

The Taliban has exacerbated Afghanistan’s socioeconomic issues since its takeover. Being a militant organization that only focused on spreading theocratic laws, the group rarely has any experience in economic development. During the end of the US-led occupation, 19 million Afghans were reported to live at the poverty level in 2020. According to the United Nations Development Program, the poverty line has increased to 34 million Afghans this year.