For nearly two decades, the United States Air Force has been engaged in combat operations in multiple theaters around the globe, all the while maintaining a deterrent presence in many other regions. Now, Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson is calling on lawmakers to dramatically increase the size of the force to offset the negative effects the high operational tempo has had on the branch. Additionally, Secretary Wilson cited the rapidly developing threats of Russia and China and the need for additional bandwidth.

Wilson’s request, she explained, was informed by an analysis of recent years combat operations and “most current concepts of operations from the Joint Chiefs of staff.” The resulting list represents what the Air Force may need to support America’s global defense effort adequately. The price tag, however, may make the reinforcement effort an unlikely scenario. She laid out the need for a whopping 74 new squadrons manned by an additional 40,000 Airmen, growing the force from 320,000 to 360,000 troops.

The laundry list of requests breaks down as such:

  • 22 C2ISR (Command, Control, Intelligence, Surveillance, & Reconnaissance) squadrons
  • 14 tanker squadrons
  • 9 combat search and rescue squadrons
  • 7 special operations squadrons
  • 7 fighter squadrons
  • 7 space squadrons
  • 5 bomber squadrons
  • 2 drone squadrons
  • 1 airlift squadron

Many of these requests are reasonable based on the emerging threats from China and Russia. The emphasis on tanker squadrons, for instance, could address concerns about China’s advanced hypersonic anti-ship missile platforms that could prevent U.S. carriers from reaching an operational distance to Chinese shores. It stands to reason that any offensive on the Chinese mainland would have to be precipitated by long-range bombing strikes on these very anti-ship assets, putting America’s carriers back in the fight once the threat has been eliminated. The increased tanker fleet would also help to support the increased refueling loads represented by the other new requests.