It was reported early this week that government efforts to track and monitor the coronavirus are stoking fears of global surveillance, at a time when the pandemic is in full gear and public health systems struggle to provide quality care to the increasing numbers of patients or suspected cases.
In an effort to track and monitor patients, individuals in quarantine, and those who come in contact with them, various governments worldwide are enacting measures to employ various surveillance technologies as a readymade solution to combat the virus’ spread. Present circumstances are challenging the age-old balancing act between individual civil liberties and privacy versus security. Even the staunchest of privacy advocates are inclined to submit that ongoing efforts to “flatten the curve” could warrant the exceptional employment of such surveillance tools.
Who’s doing what?
The Moscow Times reported last week that the use of mobile phone geolocation data would be used by authorities to track people suspected of coming in contact with anyone with the coronavirus. This announcement preceded news yesterday that Russian
Czar President Putin had recently been in close physical contact with the top doctor of Moscow’s leading coronavirus hospital, who recently tested positive for the virus.
Other nations are relying on various existing surveillance tools or are developing slightly adapted methods typically used to conduct very accurate electronic surveillance. Examples of such methods are: the use of advertisement data from downloaded mobile phone applications (United States); relying on mobile phone location analytics such as 802.15 BlueTooth wireless technology to track movements (South Korea, Singapore); the use of pre-existing counter-terrorism tools such as satellite-based phone tracking (Israel); or requesting users to download a government-produced phone application (Iran).