“They want to be the agents, not the victims, of history. They identify with God’s power and believe they are godlike. That is their basic madness. They are overcome by some archetype; their egos have expanded psychotically so that they cannot tell where they begin and the godhead leaves off. It is not hubris, not pride; it is inflation of the ego to its ultimate—confusion between him who worships and that which is worshipped. Man has not eaten God; God has eaten man.”  -The Man in the High Castle, Phillip K. Dick

The end. Wait. That’s not right. We’ve only just started. So let’s recap and make sure we’ve beat this dead horse appropriately. In “A Strategy 20 years in the Making,” I outlined the origins of the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) strategy and covered the breadth of the nation’s efforts to use lawfare to undermine our efforts around the world. We then discussed in “Artifacts” how the Chinese use information technology as a two-sided strategy for controlling its people and attacking the U.S. to extract data and sabotage our critical infrastructure.

Remember, “In China, win-win means China wins twice.” As part of this discussion on strategy, I have walked with you here. So the question you might ask yourself now is, “What does a Chinese command-driven dual-purpose telecommunications network look like?” Funny you should ask. Because in the PRC, two is a lucky number.

Currently, the telecommunications architecture in the PRC is dominated by three state-run businesses: China Telecom, China Unicom, and China Mobile. While the choices are slim (and not atypical for a command driven economy), the architecture for these stretches across the PRC. Yet by many metrics, this is still a very centralized network with switches and hubs and specific protocols buoying data from one appliance to another. Most of the most recent appliances on this infrastructure belong to a wholly Chinese-owned company called Huawei. However, what you might see already and can expect to see more of in the future are HetNets.

Per Wikipedia, “A HetNet often indicates the use of multiple types of access nodes in a wireless network. A Wide Area Network can use macrocells, picocells, and/or femtocells to offer wireless coverage in an environment with a wide variety of wireless coverage zones, ranging from an open outdoor environment to office buildings, homes, and underground areas. Mobile experts define a HetNet as a network with complex interoperation between macrocell, small cell, and in some cases WiFi network elements used together to provide a mosaic of coverage, with handoff capability between network elements. A study from ARCchart estimates that HetNets will help drive the mobile infrastructure market to account for nearly $57 billion in spending globally by 2017.”

Device Programming Models