The Azerbaijani-Armenian conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, the disputed territory that borders the two countries,  has resulted in nearly 700 military, and many civilian, deaths.

Nagorno-Karabakh lies within Azerbaijan but its population is Armenian. It has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since 1994. 

The latest fighting began in late September. It has been the worst in the South Caucasus since the 1990s and has involved heavy artillery, rockets, and drone strikes.

A week ago, a ceasefire was mediated by Russia and agreed to by both sides. But it proved stillborn and collapsed within a week with both sides accusing each other of violations.

Following the Russian ceasefire’s failure, a new one was reached on Saturday. French President Emmanuel Macron welcomed it and stressed that both sides need to be responsible for upholding it.

“This ceasefire must be unconditional and strictly observed by both parties,” the president’s office said in a statement. “France will be very attentive to this and will remain committed so that hostilities cease permanently and that credible discussions can quickly begin.”

The latest ceasefire was to take effect on Saturday midnight.

Yet, on Saturday, Azerbaijan accused Armenia of striking Ganja, its second-largest city, with a ballistic missile. The strike killed at least 13 civilians, including an entire family of five, and wounded 50 others. It destroyed or damaged about 20 residential buildings. Emergency workers spent hours searching in the rubble for survivors.