The aid organization Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontieres) has reported the deaths of 11,393 Rohingya people in the first 31 days of fighting against the ethnic minority; 1,713 were children under the age of five. “Of these, 8,170 deaths were due to violence … including 1,247 children under five years of age.” The survey admits for a range of possibilities due to the nature of surveys, but any way you look at it, the numbers are staggeringly high.

Anyone who has lived and worked in a rural war zones know that, after the initial violent surges subside and the years start to go by, it is not usually the violence that kills most people, it’s that the war cuts off all access to basic needs, healthcare and otherwise. What might be a simple trip to the doctor in the U.S. could easily kill a person in Rakhine State now — diarrhea, for example, is a major killer. That is not to dismiss the violent deaths by any means, and the numbers reported by Doctors Without Borders is significant.

503,698 Rohingya refugees were interviewed in addition to another 104,410 who were already in Bangladesh, which is a significant majority of the Rohingya population that has fled from Burma. There are approximately 626,000 refugees in Bangladesh that have recently come across the border.

This is the section of the Doctors Without Borders report describing the percentages of Rohingya deaths following the attacks by the Burmese military: