Josef Mengele in 1956. | AP Photo, file

He was not punished for his war crimes, he was not hung or condemned to the electric chair. He lived in hiding and on February 7, 1979 he drowned in a swimming accident off the coast of Brazil. He was 67 years old.

Josef Mengele earned his title, “The Angel of Death.” He fully embraced the core concepts of Nazism, primarily that the Aryan master race was at the top of the food chain, and that the Jews and Slavs must be purged form the face of the earth.

He started out as a sort of war hero. He was a medical officer and saved two German soldiers from a burning tank in 1941, earning several awards. Later he would be wounded, and was not allowed to continue to serve on the front. After a series of reassignments and a promotion, he left for Auschwitz.

Auschwitz was the labor and extermination camp infamous and iconic for the horrors of the Holocaust. It is one of the concentration camps that Elie Wiesel suffered through, as he chronicles his harrowing experiences in the book, “Night.” An estimated 1.1 million people were killed in Auschwitz — an unfathomable number for a single location.