The Sinai Peninsula once teemed with tourists soaking sunshine and culture alike.

Not anymore.

A six-year-old Islamist insurgency has seen to that.

The Bedouin insurrection, triggered by Cairo’s neglect for the region, that followed the Arab Spring in 2011 has mutated to today’s Sinai Province—one of the Islamic State’s (ISIS) chief affiliates.

It’s achieved much since pledging loyalty to the terrorist organization in November 2014.

In October 2015, it grasped the headlines by downing a Russian passenger plane killing 224.  More recently, it’s unleashed a torrent of attacks on Egypt’s Coptic Christians murdering over 100 since December.

Its Cairo cell has been executing officials in broad daylight.

Although numbering less than 2,000 fighters, it continues to plague the region.  The 440,000-strong Egyptian military, despite an annual $1.3 billion in military aid from the US and Israeli intelligence and air support, has hitherto failed to make any meaningful progress; it has lost more than 2,000 soldiers in the process.