A rekindling of old conflicts could very soon happen once again in the Balkans, according to many international analysts. Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic is openly on an arms spending spree and has increased defense expenditures in the last six years by 70 percent. 

Compounding the issues in the region is a growing threat of mounting separatism by Bosnian Serbs. Milorad Dodik, the leader of Republika Srpska, Bosnia’s Serbian entity, has made preparations to withdraw it from the country’s joint army, intelligence, judicial, and tax administration via a vote in the Republika Srpska parliament. He has clearly stated that he plans to disband all institutions that allow a government and country to function properly. 

“I proclaim the end of this,” Dodik said at a news conference after meeting ambassadors from EU countries in Bosnia.

After a bloody and brutal ethnic civil war during the 1990s between Orthodox Serbs, Muslim Bosniaks, and Catholic Croats, the international community stepped in and negotiated the Dayton Accords. The accords put an end to the fighting and split Bosnia into two separate autonomous territories, the Republika Srpska and the Federation dominated by Croats and Bosniaks, which was led by a weak central government.