Over the last few months, Iran has shipped hundreds of tons of military equipment and ammo to Damascus in an ongoing airlift.  Last week, the Telegraph reported that Iran is sending an additional 150 Revolutionary Guards to Syria.

Iran has responded to international pressure over it’s nuclear program by exacerbating crises in the region. It is supporting PKK attacks against Turkey, urging it followers protest the king of Bahrain, threatening attacks against Israel and opposing the efforts of other Muslim countries to protect the Syrian people from massacre.

The Iranian Guards’ Quds force is responsible for executing Iran’s overseas operations.  It’s head, Qassem Suleimani has led the increase in Iran’s support for Syria after the high-profile bombing which killed Syrian defense minister and Assad’s brother-in-law at Syria’s national security headquarters in July.

Iranian support has given an operational boost to Assad and put his forces on the offensive, launching attacks against rebel strongholds in Damascus and Aleppo.

According to Asharq Alawsat, a London Arabic-language newspaper, reports  that Iranian communications intelligence specialists are operating in northern Syria to support the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê) more commonly known as PKK.

The PPK is a Kurdish insurgent group which has has been fighting the Turkish government for an autonomous Kurdistan since 1978.   They alternatively helped and killed coalition forces in Iraq.

In August, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused the Assad regime of providing secure base areas in Syria to the PKK.  By September, Turkish army officers have assumed direct command of two Syrian rebel brigades fighting Bashar Assad’s government forces, according to debka.com.

From a secure base in Turkey, Turks exercise operational command the rebel North Liberators Brigade in the Idlib region of northern Syria and the Tawhid Brigade fighting in the Al-Bab area northeast of Aleppo with plans to expand command to other rebel units.