Frozen conflicts are often unresolved armed actions that are never formally resolved. In the geopolitical definition, a frozen conflict includes halted wars or military operations, but because there is no formal peace treaty, the conflict remains unresolved and can reignite.

Today, several frozen conflicts require close attention as heated rhetoric or geopolitical movements have brought back heightened tensions that could explode with one wrong move by any participant.

Turkey and Cyprus

Cyprus is a Mediterranean island nation with a five-decade-long internationally condemned military occupation by 40,000 plus Turkish troops in the north. Tensions rose between Nicosia and Ankara after ten-plus years of ethnic tensions and battles between the Greek Cypriot National Guard and EOKA paramilitary militia and the Turkish Cypriot militia TMT and Turkish intelligence, MIT.