The technique of using a bayonet is a somewhat lost art out of military circles, probably for the obvious reason that it’s a bit impractical for civilians. That being said, I’m going to teach you anyway because it’s cool and who knows? There could be some cross relevance to it in relation to close quarters fighting with a rifle.

A bayonet is employed when the end-user must enter close quarters fighting or runs out of ammunition; preferably the latter. Bayonets are attached at the muzzle end of the weapon and some rifles even have permanent folding bayonets. For instructional purposes I will be discussing the subject matter in terms of the M16 series of rifle and standard issue OKC-3S bayonet. Basically there are two aspects of bayonet fighting, offense and defense (duh), but these can be further broken down into different categories

In terms of defense, the technical options are somewhat limited and a good offense is always the best defense because violence of action works. Blocking and deflecting are the two primary option when defending against attacks but if you can evade a strike entirely then you should do so. Blocks will primarily be used against slashing techniques. Deflection can be used against slashes as well but also works well against stabs. The true benefit of deflection is that it allows you to counter with a strike of your own in a way blocking doesn’t.

To execute a proper deflection/counter you need to time it right. Wait for the enemy to thrust his blade at you, when he does knock it away with your muzzle end (it doesn’t have to be the blade, feel free to use the body of the rifle). From there, close the distance by stepping into his space and execute your desired strike.