Currently at least one Intelligence Bureau officer is standing trial for extra-judicial killings. The charge is that he colluded with local police officers to stage a “terrorist encounter” as an excuse to execute four Muslim men in Gujarat in 2004. Between 2002 and 2006 it is alleged that the same group executed up to 20 Muslim men after apprehending them (Kumara).

The failure to prevent the Mumbai attacks has left RAW, “demoralised by years of poor management, RAW is desperately short of almost all of the resources a modern intelligence service needs” (Swami). Decades of nepotism within the organization have led many to refer to RAW as the, “Relatives and Associates Wing” (Raman, 73). In some cases RAW has suffered from single-source reporting and false double-source reporting in which RAW, IB, and military intelligence are all talking to the same person (Raman, 97).

RAW still suffers from the stigma and legacy of evolving from police organizations despite its mandate to conduct unconventional activities beyond its borders. The Indian government shocked their intelligence community with their selection of, “K.C. Verma — a police officer with no past experience of external intelligence — as RAW chief” (Swami).

According to one former RAW officer there is a revolving door culture that, “contributes to the lack of professionalism plaguing our intelligence agencies…we do not consider intelligence as a professional body vital for our defense as the armed forces” (Akbar, 106).