The issue of unemployment is looming issue for Kurdistan as elections for the region come to an end. Nearly half the Kurdish population is below the age of 19 and within that age group unemployment is 18%. The unemployment rate for Iraq overall is at 11% based off the reports done by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The parliamentary elections saw a record low turnout for voters, there is a major influx of European immigration coming from Kurdistan and Iraq, and militia groups are continuing to bolster their numbers with paid positions being filled by young men who cannot find jobs that pay as well.
The majority of the unemployed are made up of young Kurds and Iraqis who have received a university education and lack trade skills; admittedly the trade jobs in the Middle East seldom pay well. A student with Erbil’s Ishik University, Bahouz is studying International Relations and Diplomacy; he told local media that, “Especially in Kurdistan, due to this financial crisis, finding jobs has become very difficult. There is a crisis in every aspect. You can’t find a good job. It was easier before, but it has become difficult now.”
Kurdistan and Iraq have been rocked by financial issues over the previous four years. The constantly withheld and mismanaged budget issued by the Iraqi central government has led to large-scale nationwide protests. The war with the Islamic State paired with an economic crash in 2016 put more strain on the situation. Citizens are losing faith in the government’s ability to manage the nation’s finances. Mustafa, a student of law at Erbil Ishik University, said, “Generally, in Iraq, working is difficult because the economy of the area is very backward due to politics, due to the financial crisis, the war with Daesh [ISIS] terrorists, and internal party rivalries. Of course, the Kurdistan Region was better [in terms of job opportunities], but you know any country that is at war with the biggest terrorist group in the world, and if its finances aren’t like those of a big country, it will certainly be marred with crisis.”
Another large problem is a cultural barrier that prevents qualified people from finding work. Known as wasta colloquially it refers to families giving preferential treatment to family and clan members overqualified candidates. Ishik University’s career development center lead, Sarhang Othman, stated that, “The governmental sector is full of wasta – occupied by wasta. Sometimes I ask my students, why are you not looking for a job? And they say, sir, I don’t need to look for a job. Why? Because my uncle is the owner of this company so he will employ me.” Ishik University held a job fair this past week that saw an impressive turnout of around 30 different companies looking to hire the nations young minds. Regarding the event Othman said, “We have companies here who say they don’t want someone from wasta. They say we want candidates that have good skills and can do my requirements.”