The fifth election since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003 generated a record-low turnout of just 41 percent. However, the results contained some surprises.

While the elections took place about three weeks ago, the Pro-Iranian groups continue to denounce the results from Iraq’s elections as “manipulation” and a “scam.” That’s because the biggest losers were the pro-Iranian parties with links to the armed groups that make up the Iranian proxy militias known as Hashd al-Shaabi or Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF).

The Fateh (Conquest) Alliance, previously the second-largest bloc in parliament, suffered a sharp decline from 48 to about a dozen of the parliament’s 329 seats, according to the reported results.

“We will appeal against the results and we reject them,” said a joint statement by several parties, including the Fateh Alliance, back in mid-October.