Welcome back to the second part of the Top 10 unwritten rules of CQB series. In the previous part we talked about the first two rules about sight fixation and flashlights. Lets continue to our next two rules. But before, we would like to remind you that these ‘rules’ are more of a reminder of things that many forget or not aware of. Throughout this series, we will discuss the top ten unwritten rules of CQB.
3. Dividing the threat’s attention
I will be honest. I was not sure if I should include this point in the list. It requires a somewhat mature intellectual approach filled with experience glittered on top of it. Dividing the threat’s attention, or in other words messing up his OODA loop is one of the most important principles. Especially when the threat is oriented and you have no other means to distract the threat. However, before I am going to dig into it, it is necessary to give an example in a bigger form.
When we used to practice raids in small unit capacities on fortified compounds, we used to employ a very simple known but effective technique. We used to refer to it as suppress and flank.
While it consists of more than the name suggests, it would work like this:
1. Initially, a specified element opens fire from either one or several positions with heavy / accurate / indirect weaponry in three different phases of fire.
2. After minutes of pounding the target, another element(s) begins to deliberately flank and penetrate the objective from specific direction(s).
3. By exploiting different angles of attack, the enemy will start to split its strength concentration behaviorally into smaller pieces which are easier to handle. Those pieces are automatically reacting to what they see.
4. Than by splitting its strength and having its leadership OODA loop constantly interrupted, we force the opponent to react quite slowly or in other words – we reduce the threat’s strength and ability to immediately respond.
(Figure A) Bigger picture – SUT of outnumbered medieval age knights who are dealing with force concentration. Note the same principle of threat divided attention aka Split Force which is being used to thin the opnent resistance. IMPORTANT – formations are not similar to the modern formations due to trajectory and FF.
Taking this into the microcosm of CQB:
Author Disclaimer : I am aware that the majority of respected organizations will not advocate to go into a kneeling position when committing to an entry. However throughout my career I have witnessed many who were, in fact, instructed to kneel, for many rainbow and glitter kinds of shit reasons.
When things are moving fast and has the same mechanism of Assault versus Defenders depicted above, we used to employ the same principle but in slightly different way to increase our survivability odds. Dividing the enemy’s attention works best in “known” type of entries.
One person is acting as ‘bait’ as he moves fast into the known direction, deliberately drawing attention by movement or sound from the threat forcing the oriented threat to shift his attention to the fast moving picture, while the point man follows in to engage the threat from cover. While the threat is basically doing what humans or animals do when receiving new unfamiliar information stimuli, he will basically be forced into reestablishing his subconscious OODA not to be interrupted a moment later by the next team member which will gain a trajectory on him.
I’ll give you another example that we use specifically in low to no light conditions. One person enters the room in X direction with a strong source of light aimed on a human, while the other members entering in Y direction initially without lights, concealed by contrast and darkness. Here the effect is even more devastating for the threat since he will be essentially blind and fixated on the source of light.
In the video :