The Syrian Civil War 

The Syrian conflict started in 2011 as an uprising against the government of Bashar Al Assad but quickly spiraled in a Civil War. The original rebel force, known as the Free Syrian Army, was splintered into several groups, one of which is ISIL (the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant).

The conflict is complex, with several groups and nations vying for the control of Syria and northern Iraq. Among others, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Lebanon, Russia and the United States are involved in varying degrees.  Some of the major non-state actors are the Free Syrian Army, ISIL, and the Kurds.