Early on Sunday morning, armed militants gained entry to an Indian military base in Uri, approximately 65 miles from the capital of Indian-controlled Kashmir and Jumu. In the ensuing chaos and gunfire, 18 Indian soldiers were killed. A few hours later, a shootout took place between an Indian Army unit and four militants, in which the four were killed.

It’s unclear which militant group is responsible, but the Indian government has been quick to point the finger at Jaish-e-Mohammad, and just as quick to insinuate that the Pakistani government was responsible for equipping and directing the group in the attacks. Pakistan denies any involvement, and in fact some circles within their government have accused India of orchestrating a false flag attack to garner support and sympathy. Whatever the case, the attack, the worst since such attacks began in 1989, has only served to fan the flames of a traditionally deadly conflict.

Militant attack on Indian military base heightens tensions, sparks false flag accusations

After news of the attack reached the media, Rajnath Singh, India’s home affairs minister, labeled Pakistan a “terrorist state,” suggesting that the militants were “highly trained, specially equipped, and heavily armed.” Although he stopped short of naming Pakistan the sponsor of the attack, and offered no evidence to support any theory, Singh went on to say that he was “disappointed with Pakistan’s continued and direct support to terrorism and terrorist groups.” For its part, the Pakistani government was quick to deny any direct or peripheral involvement in the attacks. Nafees Zakaria, a spokesperson for Pakistan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, spoke with CNN and stated that “this is a very irresponsible and baseless allegation that he has leveled against Pakistan, [and one] which we outright reject.”