“Communism is the corruption of a dream of justice.” – Adlai Stevenson

Castro, the guerrillas, and the revolution:

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born in the Oriente province in Eastern Cuba on August 13, 1926. His father, Angel Castro y Argiz, was an immigrant from Spain who had become wealthy growing sugar cane. Being the son of a well-to-do farmer allowed Castro to be educated at some of the Jesuit missionary boarding schools. Though never a brilliant student, he was considered very personable and an accomplished athlete. In 1945, he began studying law at the University of Havana. This was the beginning of his political awakening , as he became embroiled in campus politics, joining anti-imperialist student groups opposed to what they perceived as U.S. corporate exploitation of the resources of the Cuban people. This was part of the larger Marxist uprising sweeping through much of Latin and South American.

The American corporations, such as the notorious United Fruit Company, had long been accused of exploiting the countries of Latin and South America. Indeed, the term “Bananna Republics” was coined to illustrate the enormous power that these corporate American interests wielded over the smaller countries that depended heavily on fruit exports and had unstable governments,  like Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Aided by brothers John Foster Dulles and Alan Dulles, the head of the CIA and Secretary of State, respectively, American corporations were increasingly accused of exploitation and dirty legal mechanisms designed to enrich themselves at the expense of the locals. This was to lead to sweeping revolutions and instability throughout South and Latin America for much of the 20th century.