Winston Churchill: British Prime Minister, writer and military man. His name is one of the most well-known in the United Kingdom and remains immensely popular not only throughout England, but around the world. He was undoubtedly a controversial figure, but remains one of the most well-regarded Prime Ministers in British history according to several polls.

Awarded a Nobel Prize in Literature, Churchill had quite the way with words. His inspirational speeches and rousing words have been printed and reprinted in the decades since. Of course, his famous “We shall fight on the beaches” speech has been repeated over and over, spoken during WWII as the walls seemed to be closing in — the Germans were winning victory after victory that summer of 1940; when hope seemed to be disintegrating before them, he said:

We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and if, which I do not for a moment believe, this island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God’s good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.”

Earlier in May he had inspired the people: