Kuwait, 1990 — Four divisions of the Iraqi Republican Guard and Iraqi Army SF units flood into Kuwait. Airports are seized, fighters are screaming overhead, and Kuwait forces are quickly overwhelmed. Kuwait aircraft are shot from the sky, and almost their entire Navy is sunk. Some Kuwaiti forces have more success than others in delaying operations, trying to push the incoming Iraqi military away, but to no avail. By the end of the day, the entire country has fallen, and only a few resistance and armed militia movements are left.

On this day in history, August 2, 1990, Iraq invades Kuwait.

Iraq had claimed that Kuwait was “an integral part” of Iraq, and claimed it as its own. They even said that Iraq controlling Kuwait would be in their own best interests. However, most western nations didn’t see it that way — long story short, Iraq had just conveniently gained substantial access to almost a quarter of the world’s oil reserves in a single day. This is a simplification of a complex geopolitical situation, but suffice to say the event was quickly condemned by the international community.

Once Iraq controlled Kuwait, Saddam Hussein instated Prime Minister Alaa Hussein Ali into power, giving him purview over what was renamed the “Provisional Government of Free Kuwait.”