Adolf Eichmann was one of the key architects of the Nazis’ “Final Solution” of the Jews in Europe. His arrest/kidnapping by the Mossad in Argentina and subsequent trial in Israel brought to the public’s awareness the horrors of the Holocaust. And the widespread use of television transmitted them straight to the public’s living room. 

His defense that he was just a small cog in the machine of the Nazi party didn’t resonate with the jurors. Eichmann was convicted of crimes against humanity; crimes against the Jewish, Polish, Slovene and Gypsy people; and of being a member of three criminal organizations. 

He was hanged in an Israeli prison on May 30, 1962. 

Eichmann’s Beginnings And Rise

Eichmann was a member of the Nazi Party, the SS and the SD during Hitler’s reign in the 1930s and 1940s. He rose in the ranks to become an SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) and one of Holocaust’s major organizers.