Immediately following a joint air strike campaign carried out by the United States, United Kingdom and France against multiple targets associated with Syria’s chemical weapon infrastructure, Defense Secretary James Mattis attended a press conference along with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Joseph Dunford to address the offensive. After discussing the details of the strike, Mattis offered one insightful warning:

“Based on recent experience, we fully expect a significant disinformation campaign over the coming days by those who have aligned themselves with the Assad regime,” he told the press.

It was clear from the start that Mattis was referring to Russia, who have provided Bashar al Assad with directly military support throughout the Syrian civil war and who claimed the responsibility of ensuring Assad’s stockpiles of chemical weapons had been destroyed. Assad’s continued use of the banned weapons, as a result, has been characterized by President Trump as a violation of international law carried out now only by the embattled Syrian president, but his Russian patron, Vladimir Putin.

Mattis was soon proven right, as Russian statements flooded internet and media outlets making outlandish claims about the allied offensive. Russia claimed the chemical attack never took place, then refused to allow UN inspectors into the area to investigate for weeks. Russia also claimed Syrian air defenses had successfully countered the offensive, even going so far as to offer specific (and fabricated) figures to show the success rate of their “Soviet era” systems against American, British, and French ballistic missile platforms.