On Monday, Russia will conduct its first test of what they’ve dubbed “RuNet,” which will severe the entire nation from the global internet, isolating Russia from the rest of the world digitally. All internet traffic during the test disconnection will be re-directed through internal Russian state routing points and servers managed by Roskomnazor, the government’s federal communications service. The disconnection will be a temporary one with future tests expected to occur annually provided the system works. If it does, it will grant Russia the ability to more strictly control the flow of information between its citizens and the world at large.

On Monday, the government approved the provision on conducting exercises to ensure the stable, safe and holistic functioning of the Internet and public communications networks in the Russian Federation,” an article published this week by Russian state owned media outlets reads. “The exercises are held at the federal (in the territory of the Russian Federation) and regional (in the territory of one or more constituent entities of the Russian Federation) levels.”

This decision is coupled with a rollout of a new process that enables “deep packet inspection” of data being transmitted through Russia’s digital infrastructure. This method will potentially allow Russia to censor content within its borders far more effectively than ever before. Currently, China uses a similar method as part of its “Great Firewall.”

The disconnect exercise has legitimate security implications for the Russian government, which is clear about its preference to reduce the nation’s reliance on foreign internet providers, as well as elements of web infrastructure that fall under the purview of foreign governments. This action allows the Kremlin to identify any potential issues with severing ties with the global internet, and help ensure Russia’s internet continues to run domestically even amid times of conflict. The effort includes building Russia’s own address routing system that could replace the international domain name system (DNS) if and when global lines are cut.