Brussels, Belgium—The European Union persists in its effort to reach an agreement with Russia over the construction of an underwater gas pipeline.

The European Commission, the EU’s executive branch, has been trying to cajole member-states to keep the expansion of the Nord Stream II gas pipeline on the table despite concerns over EU’s increasing energy dependence on Russia.

In 2017, the Gas Directive was introduced in order to guarantee that all foreign gas pipelines comply with EU regulations on security, transparency, and competition.

“It’s possible that this proposal to amend the third gas directive to such an extent is also there to signal to counterparts that the willingness to act is very strong,” said Luca Franza, a researcher with Clingendael, an international affairs think-tank based in the Netherlands.