Continued from Part 1

The Battle of Long Island

Combat actions commenced on August 22nd, 1776, when General Howe ordered the invasion of Long Island. Some 15,000 British and Hessian troops successfully landed on the beaches of Long Island and came ashore before quickly moving to seize the village of Flatbush (Schecter, 128). General Washington assumed the landing was a diversion and only dispatched a small force to shore up his forces in Long Island.

Minor skirmishes and artillery strikes broke out, but the battle had not yet begun in earnest. Meanwhile, General Howe was searching out a means to move his forces into Brooklyn and secured a local guide against his will to lead them through the Jamaica Pass with 6,000 men (Schecter, 139). Losing ground in Long Island, General Washington wisely had his forces retreat back to New York in any and all boats which could be rounded up (Johnson, 218).