On Saturday, President Donald Trump announced to the world that the United States would be pulling out of a Cold War era missile treaty first established between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1987. The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty had a specific aim: to ban the development and deployment of conventional or nuclear missiles with an operational range of between 310 to 3,420 miles.

The United States government has made it clear for years that the Russian military has not been adhering to the treaty, as they continued to develop a missile platform (dubbed the 9M729 within Russia) that boasts capabilities specifically banned by the agreement.

Inside the fortified trenches of American politics, pundits on either side debated this decision within the framework of that original agreement themselves, with Trump critics lamenting the president’s decision as a step away from peace and stability — believing the treaty offered leverage by which the nation may force Russia back into adhering to it. Those who supported Trump’s decision, on the other hand, pointed out that years of pressure from within both the Trump and Obama administrations have thus far produced no appreciable results, begging the question: Why is America honoring an agreement Russia is not?

However, in terms of conventional military power, the threat Russia poses to American security and interests abroad pales in comparison to that of China’s rapidly growing military — and it’s important to note that China has never been a signatory of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, meaning their missile programs have never been hampered by the politicking of world leaders.