The United States launched multiple airstrikes against Iranian-led Shia militias across Iraq in response to the latest rocket attack on the base at Taji that houses coalition troops. In the Taji attack, two U.S. and one U.K medical specialist were killed, with 12 wounded, five of them seriously. 

The American airstrikes began at 1:00 a.m. Baghdad time and targeted the Kata’eb Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed militia that has been frequently launching attacks at bases housing U.S. and coalition soldiers. The airstrikes targeted multiple weapons storage facilities used by the militia.

The Pentagon released a statement saying the airstrikes were proportional, defensive in nature and a deterrent to future attacks by the militia. 

“Earlier this evening, the United States conducted defensive precision strikes against Kata’ib Hizbollah (KH) facilities across Iraq,” the statement said. “These strikes targeted five weapon storage facilities to significantly degrade their ability to conduct future attacks against Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) coalition forces. These weapons storage facilities include facilities that housed weapons used to target U.S. and coalition troops.”

“These strikes were defensive, proportional, and in direct response to the threat posed by Iranian-backed Shia militia groups (SMG) who continue to attack bases hosting OIR coalition forces,” the Pentagon added.

Kata’ib Hizbollah has been behind nearly two dozen rocket attacks on U.S. and coalition troops in Iraq. The list below shows the attacks perpetrated by the group, in the past 13 months, against bases where American and coalition troops are stationed. 

After an attack in late December where an American contractor was killed, the U.S. targeted the militia with heavy airstrikes. That led to the Iranian-led militia attacking and attempting to storm the U.S. Embassy.