Broad Background of Ramadan
The holy month of Ramadan is a time meant to celebrate the revelation of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad. The Quran itself is considered the biggest miracle in Islam as Muhammad was thought to be illiterate at the time that the word of God was revealed to him. The obligatory observance of Ramadan has always been about fasting in order to inwardly realign oneself with God. Just as the Quran set Muhammad onto the path to submit to God, the observance of Ramadan is meant to realign Muslims back to the path of God. Muslims are supposed to refrain from worldly desires such as food, drink, and sexual intercourse during the holy month as a way to shun worldly evils. Praying and recitation of the Quran is also supposed to increase.
There are also Muslims that are allowed to bypass the obligatory observance of the month of Ramadan as the fasting could cause them bodily harm. Such as the elderly, sick, mentally ill, pregnant, breastfeeding, travelers, and those at war are able to choose whether or not they would like to refrain from fasting. Granted the “traveling” during the time that the Quran was written is quite different and some don’t consider hopping on a plane a reason not to fast. People that are considered to “be at war” were very much seen as those defending themselves from an attacking force.
Fighting during Ramadan