The Situation — On October 28, Brazil will hold run off elections for the Presidency of Brazil, with two candidates: Jair Bolsonaro and Fernando Haddad.

Jair recently missed the needed votes to secure his election and avoid having a runoff election by a few percentage points. However, the final vote will take place later this month. Jair is the more conservative candidate, while Fernando is the left-leaning candidate. Bolsonaro is often compared to Donald Trump, with his often politically incorrect remarks, as well as baffling many political experts on his rise in popularity.

Background — There have been a few large corruption scandals in the past few years. Starting with President Lula in 2014, in which the Brazilian President was removed for corruption. His successor, Dilma Rousseff was impeached following another scandal, somewhat related to the corruption scandal of President Lula. Former President Lula is currently in jail, and is not eligible to run.

Brazil is the largest country in South America by GDP, the largest exporter of coffee in the world, and also has recently had one of the worst murder rates in the world. They have an unstable socialist Venezuela to the north, and have been plagued by several scandals at the highest levels from corrupt politicians. It is in this situation which Bolsonaro has risen unexpectedly to the lead the polls for the Presidency. He has advocated for looser gun laws to combat crime, and has even been reported to be entertaining the military removal, along with the United States and the Venezuelan government.