Following Tuesday’s tragic incident involving an engine explosion on a Southwest Airlines flight that killed one woman and injured at least seven others, many find themselves questioning the oft-touted statistics about airline safety. It is true that, statistically speaking, air travel is significantly safer than driving, but accepting minimal risk is still a game of chance. Even with the odds stacked in your favor, it never hurts to take personal precautions that could improve your chances of survival should the worst occur.

First thing’s first though — in order to address how best to mitigate the risks associated with flying, we need to determine what they are and how likely you are to face them. For the sake of argument, we’ll break different dangerous situations down as percentages of a whole that operates under the assumption that you are among the unlucky few that will find themselves in a life or death situation aboard a commercial flight. However, it’s important to note that, statistically speaking, the chances of that happening to you are around one in 29 million.

“If you take one flight a day, you would on average need to fly every day for 55,000 years before being involved in a fatal crash,” M.I.T’s Sloan School Statistician Arnold Barnett said on the safety of flying. However, the underlying and unfortunate truth regarding these statistics is that, unlikely as it may be, some people will still be involved in tragic incidents, and there’s little one can do to predict who those people will be.

A breakdown of airline incidents that cause fatalities shows that life-threatening crashes are overwhelmingly the result of pilot error: 32% of incidents were caused by a simple mistake, 16% caused by errors related weather and another 5% caused by errors related to equipment. That means, if someone is going to die on your flight, there’s a 53% chance it will be because the pilot crashed the plane.