The Islamic State has united many in the Middle East. However, what’s going to happen when they’re military defeated and Raqqa is just another town?

The Arab Spring was a monumental event. The world watched in awe and fear as the Middle East looked like it was being turned upside down. We’re living and working in a post-Arab Spring era of Middle Eastern politics. An alarming example is found today as the Jordanian parliament has spoken against the Arab-Israeli peace treaty.

They might reject us. The unintended consequence of ISIL is a delay of a deeper civil war brewing in the Middle East. We have a common enemy for now. But, once ISIL and Al-Qaeda’s pronounced presence is less so, governing the different tribes, personalities and allegiances will prove far harder than removing ISIL. The Islamic State will collapse in Iraq and fall back to Syria. That’s the future of the force – true warrior-diplomats not on paper but in practice. The insecurity of Iraq will arise from the legitimate groups and parties

In Iraq, Nour Al-Maliki is reemerging as the most powerful man. He is partially responsible and was the force behind the emergence of ISIL. Some believe inciting a sectarian war is something he wanted all along. The Iraqis on the ground and at the strategic level were aware of a coming and possible civil war. This war is rooted in politics, like everything.