The consequences for a resurgent Russia’s policies undermining territorial integrity of several states in eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia have become more apparent since the annexation of Crimea last March and during the ongoing war in eastern Ukraine. Eurasia has quickly become a battleground in the conflict brewing between, on one side, the European community, the United States, and assorted allies, and on the other side, Russia. I’ve identified several regions that I’ve referred to as fracture points. Generally, fracture points are areas of geostrategically valuable territory. The areas are contested by the West and Russia. They are locations of significantly increased tension where heightened risk for war exists in eastern Europe and the Caucasus.

Russia, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia

On November 24, Russia signed an agreement strengthening military and economic relations with the breakaway Georgian territory, Abkhazia. On January 23, the Russian parliament approved the treaty. The treaty had previously been approved by Abkhazia’s legislature, the People’s Assembly:

The Russian parliament Friday approved an agreement that will deepen Russia’s military and economy ties with Abkhazia, a region that was considered part of Georgia until Russia recognized it as independent in 2008. Critics of the treaty, signed in November by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Abkhazian leaders, decried the agreement as tantamount to annexation.