Southern Italy’s Regions have a troubled history: especially after the Unity of 1861, reached under the rule of the House of Savoy . The Calabria, Basilicata, Puglia, Campania and Sicily, (as well as Sardinia) populations has always been very attached to their rural traditions. Religion, along with the family and the land were the pivot around which turned the social life of these underdeveloped regions. The only wealth was in the hands of a few “powerful men” which condemned the rest of the population to poverty and subservience to real feudal lords. Representatives of the new Kingdom of Italy attempted to introduce new rules, trying to change these bad habits, but the only thing they got was an increasing splitting between them and the poor peasants.


In this context it developed a parallel criminal activity related to “banditry” problems that had marked the Southern Italian history in past centuries. This preamble explains, in short, why even today, Southern Italy is the basis of main criminal organizations that have achieved popularity all over the world: Mafia, ‘Ndrangheta, Camorra, the Sacra Corona Unita and the Anonima Sarda. Already, during the Kingdom of Italy, the main tool that affirmed the State’s presence on the territory were the political administrative bodies, but also the military, especially the Royal Carabinieri Corps.

From the end of XIX century onwards many Carabinieri lost their lives in the name of the King in a wasted struggle, where criminals were supported of the entire population, while the police were hated and thwarted at every attempt to restore legality.