The Clinton Foundation – a non-profit organization run by Bill, Hillary and Chelsea Clinton.  Its mission is “to bring people together to take on the biggest challenges of the 21st century.”  They focus on areas like global health, climate change, economic development, health and wellness, and programs built to enable girls and women around the world.

Vladamir Putin and Sergey Kiriyenko, the head of Rosatom from 2005 to 2016 – image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Rosatom – a Russian state-owned enterprise, and the regulatory body that controls all nuclear assets in Russia, military or civilian.  They produce 40% of the world’s enriched uranium. They acquired Uranium One in 2013, but had been working toward this goal since 2009 by incrementally acquiring the company’s shares.

Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) – a committee run by multiple agencies.  They basically are trying to figure out the national security implications of foreign businesses operating in with the U. S.  They ask themselves, “are these guys honest businessmen that we are paying fairly?  Or are there more nefarious reasons here?”  They are made up of 16 U. S. agencies and departments, headed by the U. S. Secretary of the Treasury.

Uranium One – a Canadian-based business that mines uranium.  It also operates within the United States, and was purchased by Rosatom for $1.3 billion in early 2013.  This acquisition would give the Russians control of a fifth of all uranium production capacity in the U. S.

Vadim Mikerin – the Russian director of Pan American Department of JSC Techsnabexport (TENEX), a subsidiary of Rosatom.  He was living in Maryland on a government approved work visa when he was arrested by the FBI; he would spend “…48 months in prison for conspiracy to commit money laundering in connection with his role in arranging more than $2 million in corrupt payments to influence the awarding of contracts with a Russian state-owned nuclear energy corporation.”

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) – an anti-bribery provision designed to make “it unlawful for certain classes of persons and entities to make payments to foreign government officials to assist in obtaining or retaining business. ”  Basically, U. S. companies can’t be bribing foreign governments for their own benefit.