The Israeli Army, also known as the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), has demonstrated remarkable capability in conducting tunnel warfare. This type of warfare has been a significant challenge for Israel due to the threat posed by terrorist organizations, particularly Hamas and Hezbollah, who have utilized tunnels to infiltrate Israeli territory and launch attacks. In response to this threat, the IDF has developed sophisticated techniques and technologies to effectively counter and neutralize tunnel networks, making them formidable in tunnel warfare.

The threat of tunnels became evident during the 2006 Lebanon War when Hezbollah used an extensive network of underground tunnels to launch surprise attacks on Israeli soldiers. These tunnels not only allowed the terrorists to evade detection but also provided them with a strategic advantage. The IDF quickly recognized the need to develop effective countermeasures for this emerging threat.

One of the critical capabilities of the Israeli Army in conducting tunnel warfare is its intelligence-gathering capabilities. The IDF has invested heavily in gathering intelligence on tunnel networks, employing various means such as satellite imagery, aerial surveillance, and ground-based sensors. This allows them to identify the location, depth, and complexity of tunnels, thus enabling them to plan and execute targeted operations against these underground networks.

Once the IDF has identified the presence of tunnels, they employ a range of specialized units and technologies to neutralize the threat. The Combat Engineering Corps, in particular, plays a crucial role in tunnel warfare. They possess the expertise and equipment for locating, mapping, and destroying tunnels. These units employ advanced technologies such as ground-penetrating radar and seismic sensors to detect the presence of tunnels. Additionally, specialized robots are used to explore and neutralize tunnels, minimizing the risk to soldiers.

The IDF also relies on its highly skilled infantry units to conduct operations in tunnel warfare. These units undergo rigorous training to enhance their ability to operate in confined spaces like tunnels. They are trained in close-quarters combat, urban warfare, and tunnel-clearing techniques, equipping them with the necessary skills to navigate and neutralize threats within the underground environment.

Moreover, the Israeli Army benefits from its advanced technological capabilities regarding tunnel warfare. Advanced surveillance technologies, including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) equipped with thermal imaging and sensors, provide real-time situational awareness to the IDF forces. This enables them to monitor and track the movements of adversaries within tunnel networks, increasing their effectiveness in countering threats.

Furthermore, Israel has developed the Iron Dome and other air defense systems that protect against tunnel rocket attacks.