Under the agreement between the United States and the Taliban signed in Doha in February of 2020, the Taliban pledged to prevent terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda, from operating inside of Afghanistan.

Now, their problems with the Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISIS-K), known locally as Daesh, have gotten increasingly worse.

Since 2014, the fighting between the two groups has steadily increased. On Friday, a suicide bomber exploded a vest bomb inside of a Shia mosque in Kunduz, a city in northeastern Afghanistan. According to the state-run Bakhtar News Agency, the explosion killed at least 46 people and wounded more than 140. 

The wreckage of a mosque in Afghanistan after an ISIS-K suicide bombing on Friday. (Reuters)

ISIS-K released a statement claiming responsibility for the deadly attack, in the worst loss of life since the Taliban wrested control of the country back from the Afghan government. ISIS-K identified the bomber as an Uyghur Muslim, saying the attack targeted both Shias and the Taliban for their purported willingness to expel Uyghurs to meet Chinese demands.

A week ago, ISIS-K also bombed a mosque in Kabul. In that attack, several people were killed and about a dozen wounded.


No Cooperation

Despite the recent attacks, on Saturday, the Taliban said it would not cooperate with the United States on eliminating extremist groups like the Islamic State from Afghanistan.

During a meeting in Doha, Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen told the Associated Press that there would be no cooperation with the U.S. in targeting the terrorist groups operating in Afghanistan. U.S. leaders were pressing the Taliban to honor their commitment to not allow terrorist groups to use Afghanistan as a base to attack the U.S. or its interests again.