The Polish Air Force is a national military branch that came into being shortly before World War II. Its history dates back to 1918 when the first air unit was formed as an independent organization. However, after the war ended and Poland regained independence in 1920, the country’s aeronautics branch ceased to exist for almost 20 years. It was re-established in 1939 during the German invasion of Poland and again ceased to exist after 1945. In 1990, the Polish Air Force was once again recreated as a separate armed service branch of the military. Today it consists of several squadrons that operate with both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters from different bases throughout the country.
Poland’s military aviation history goes back to the First World War when the first Polish Air Force unit was formed as an independent organization in 1918. The first aircraft was purchased from Great Britain, France, and Italy. The Air Force unit was created to be an integral part of the army and support ground units in operations against the Central Powers. Unfortunately, after the war ended and Poland regained independence, the country’s aeronautics branch ceased to exist for almost 20 years.
Bases and aircraft the Polish Air Force uses
In the past, the biggest airbases in Poland were the ones located in Lodz, Poznan, and Wroclaw. However, after a number of restructuring and modernization projects began in the 1990s, a number of new bases were created – including in Warsaw, Powidz, Malbork, Bydgoszcz, and Babie Doly.
The base in Warsaw is used by the Polish Air Force’s fighter wing, which operates with Sukhoi Su-22, Mikoyan MiG-29, and Sukhoi Su-27 aircraft. The Wroclaw air base is home to the transport wing, whose aircraft include Antonov An-26, An-28, and Embraer ERJ-190. The Poznan Airport houses a helicopter unit whose aircraft include the Agusta Westland AW-129 and Mil Mi-2.