Hezbollah’s Response to the Israel-Hamas War

On October 7th, 2023, Hamas committed one of the most appalling terrorist attacks in modern history, killing upwards of 1200 Israeli civilians and foreigners. Immediately after, Israel would declare war for the first time in fifty years with an emergency government formed around Benjamin Netanyahu.

The subsequent aerial campaign against Hamas has been blistering, with more per capita airstrikes in the Gaza Strip than the height of the anti-ISIS coalition several years ago. The Israeli Defense Forces are currently conducting their ground offensive, capturing key positions and seizing numerous weapons caches in the Strip.

In the backdrop of the war, brewing tensions continue along the Israeli-Lebanese border. Daily clashes are currently ongoing between the IDF and Hezbollah, a designated terrorist organization in much of the West. Preparing contingencies between each other, both parties acknowledge the risks of a full-fledged war. Tel Aviv, with advice from, is taking proactive measures to combat the Iranian proxy, attempting to avoid a more significant regional conflict.

How Israel is Combating Hezbollah

Supplementing pressure off Hamas in light of Israel’s air campaign, Hezbollah has launched low-level anti-tank missiles and mortars at Israeli outposts and communication networks. In return, the IDF is conducting artillery, air, and drone strikes directly at launching pads from the militant group.

A key focus for the IDF is to avoid being baited in an invasion of Southern Lebanon with the punishing terrain there. In the 2006 war, the rigid terrain of South Lebanon proved to be Hezbollah’s greatest defense as Merkava tanks faced issues, and the Iranian-backed group would take advantage through insurgent-style attacks.

Learning from the operational mistakes of the 2006 war, the IDF is no longer playing in Hezbollah’s hands but instead making them play by Israel’s own rules. Already having some of the best pilots today and advanced drone technology, Tel Aviv is resorting to precision attacks against rocket, anti-tank, and mortar teams.

GPS scrambling over Israeli airspace is leaving Hezbollah exposed, as their missiles cannot correctly identify military targets, drones, or warplanes, as the group usually has. Striking the militia’s logistics instead of their villages directly keeps both Israel and Hezbollah in low-level confrontation, which mitigates the escalation ladder (at least for now).