The effects of war are not exclusive to the damages of lands and infrastructures, the soldiers who lost their lives, and those who survived who maybe lost a limb or an eye. Some of the impacts cannot be easily seen by our naked eyes, like the psychological damage and trauma that the servicemen experienced in the war field. The horrors of what happened in the war could still haunt them, long even after it is over. In fact, a study conducted by Psychiatric Clinics of North America suggests that about 10% of WWII soldiers had PTSD at some point, affecting the veterans and their families. However, since PTSD was not recognized as an official disorder, it was hard to determine its prevalence. It was even more challenging during WWI when soldiers suffering from PTSD that was at that time called Shell Shock were hugely misunderstood.

PTSD

The National Institute of Mental Health defines Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder as “a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event… People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened, even when they are not in danger.” Furthermore, they listed its common symptoms:

To be diagnosed with PTSD, an adult must have all of the following for at least one month:

  • At least one re-experiencing symptom
  • At least one avoidance symptom
  • At least two arousal and reactivity symptoms
  • At least two cognition and mood symptoms

Some factors that increase the risk for PTSD include: