The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) has passed the Senate for the 60th year. NDAA received a veto-proof majority of 84-13. This comes after the House of Representatives had, earlier last week, passed the bill by a 335-78 margin. NDAA 2021 will allocate a $740 billion budget to the Pentagon.

The Act will limit the president’s ability to withdraw troops from Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany in the closing days of his presidency.

Regarding the Afghanistan withdrawal, the NDAA requires the Trump administration to submit a detailed report to Congress before withdrawing U.S. troops from the country. The troop withdrawal had been agreed as part of the U.S.-Taliban deal. NDAA also requires the incoming Biden administration to report on the Taliban’s compliance with the deal.

One of the bill’s bigger portions is over the renaming of military bases named after Confederate generals.

President Trump had vowed to veto NDAA. Now the only question remains whether President Trump will follow through on his vow to veto the defense bill and whether Republicans, some of whom need his support for re-election, will break from him by overriding his veto. 

“There’s a reason this bill gets done every single year for the last 59 years: It’s the most important bill we’ll do all year,” Sen. Jim Inhofe (R-OK), Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said in a statement released after the passage of the NDAA. The Republican senator had openly clashed recently with the president. 

Inhofe also recognized that both China and Russia are named as the U.S.’s top strategic potential adversaries. So, the U.S. is seeking to invest in new, hypersonic weapons technology. “Both China and Russia are ahead of us in hypersonics,” he added.

President Trump had repeatedly demanded that the bill include a repeal of Section 230, which shields social media companies such as Google, Twitter, and Facebook, from liability for their content.