In the heart of the Cold War, rumors of spies, covert operations, and propaganda battles were the order of the day. But how much of what we know—or think we know—about that era is clouded in myth, exaggeration, and Hollywood-style intrigue? 

Here’s where “Operation Mockingbird” comes in. At first glance, it may sound like the title of a gripping spy novel. Yet, for many historians and conspiracy theorists, this phrase unlocks the door to one of American history’s most debated covert operations.

Think of a world where the news stories you read are all influenced, or even controlled, by shadowy figures behind the scenes. For proponents of the Operation Mockingbird theory, it’s a reality where the CIA wielded the mighty pen (or typewriter) to craft the narrative of the time.

But how much of Operation Mockingbird is proven fact, and how much remains speculation?