The French presidency announced a plan to form a national guard, in the wake of the terror attacks. “The President of the Republic [Francois Hollande] decided to establish the National Guard from the existing operating reserves,” the statement reads. Hollande said the government will “as soon as possible begin the establishment of this structure, which would serve to protect the French people.”

Hollande said he hoped the guard, made up of volunteers from the police, paramilitary police, and military would be operational by early autumn.

The announcement came after France suffered two attacks in less than a fortnight this month — in a bloody series that began with the January 2015 Charlie Hebdo killings — and the government has come under fierce criticism for alleged security lapses.

Calls arose for the National Guard following the November 13 jihadist massacre in Paris that claimed 130 lives.