In a world where technological innovation is the driving force behind military advancements, Estonian company Milrem Robotics has stepped into the spotlight by introducing a cutting-edge AI-guided tactical unmanned ground vehicle (UGV).

This technological marvel combines Milrem’s existing THeMIS combat UGV with the HITROLE lightweight standard remote-operated weapon station developed by Italian defense firm Leonardo.

The Result: A formidable robotic system that promises to revolutionize the landscape of modern warfare.

In this article, we will explore the intricacies of this groundbreaking development, its applications, and its significance for military operations worldwide.

The THeMIS Unmanned Ground Vehicle

The THeMIS (Tracked Hybrid Modular Infantry System) UGV, developed by Milrem Robotics, is a versatile and robust platform that provides direct fire support.

Its primary role is to act as a force multiplier for unmounted troops, offering mobility and firepower in various operational scenarios.

Equipped with tracks for all-terrain capability, this combat UGV has garnered significant attention for its adaptability and performance in the field.

The HITROLE Weapon Station

Complementing the THeMIS is the HITROLE lightweight standard remote-operated weapon station developed by Leonardo.

The HITROLE turret can be equipped with a range of armaments, including a 12.7 or 7.62-millimeter machine gun and a 40-millimeter automatic grenade launcher.

However, what sets the HITROLE system apart is its integration with artificial intelligence (AI)-based functions. These functions enable the system to identify, prioritize, and track threats autonomously, significantly enhancing its operational effectiveness.

Leonardo HITROLE
Hitrole Light 12.7mm (Image source: Leonardo)

A Multifaceted Approach

The fusion of the THeMIS UGV with the AI-guided HITROLE weapon station presents a multifaceted solution for military operations, offering several key advantages and applications, including:

Stand-Off Assaults. The AI-guided weapon station, with its autonomous threat identification and tracking capabilities, can be used in stand-off assault scenarios. In these scenarios, the vehicle can engage threats from a safe distance, minimizing risks to human operators.

Surveillance. The combined system can perform surveillance tasks effectively, utilizing its AI-based functions to monitor and report activities in a given area.

Counter-Sniper Operations. The AI-guided system can aid counter-sniper operations by rapidly identifying and neutralizing potential sniper threats.

Patrolling. Combat UGVs equipped with AI-guided weapon stations are well-suited for patrolling, where they can enhance security and provide a constant presence in designated areas.

Border Security. The system’s versatility extends to border security, where it can autonomously patrol and respond to threats, reducing the need for human intervention in potentially dangerous situations.

Milrem Robotics and Leonardo Collaboration

The collaboration between Milrem Robotics and Leonardo represents a significant milestone in the field of robotic combat systems.

Milrem Robotics CEO Kuldar Väärsi expressed enthusiasm about their partnership, highlighting the THeMIS as the most suitable platform for integrating remote weapon stations.

Integrating the HITROLE system into the THeMIS vehicle signifies a pivotal moment in their journey to provide highly capable robotic combat systems to the Italian Army and customers worldwide.

Kuldar Väärsi further emphasized that this collaboration would significantly enhance warfighting capabilities while prioritizing troop safety.

The integration of AI-guided systems reduces soldiers’ risks and offers a level of precision and efficiency unparalleled in traditional combat scenarios.

Milrem Robotics and Loc Performance Collaboration

In addition to their collaboration with Leonardo, Milrem Robotics has previously ventured into the US Army’s quest for advanced robotic combat vehicles (RCV).


Milrem Robotics WarLoc
The WarLoc, a groundbreaking combat UGV developed by Loc and Milrem (Image source: Milrem Robotics)

Announced in June 2023, Milrem Robotics partnered with Michigan robotics firm Loc Performance to develop a “groundbreaking” Robotic Combat Vehicle – Light (RCV-L) for the US Army’s competition.

This vehicle, known as “WarLoc,” is based on the Type-X advanced RCV by Milrem Robotics.

The WarLoc project introduces several remarkable features:

  • Autonomous Navigation. The vehicle supports autonomous navigation on the battlefield, reducing the need for constant human intervention.
  • AI Decision-Making. It incorporates artificial intelligence for decision-making, enabling it to respond to evolving battlefield situations with agility and precision.
  • Amphibious Capabilities. The vehicle is equipped with amphibious capabilities, allowing it to operate across various terrains and environments.
  • Enhanced Mobility. Improved mobility in various terrains ensures the vehicle can adapt to diverse operational scenarios.

This project aims to provide infantry units with high-performance payloads, giving them tactical advantages in a rapidly changing battlefield environment. The US Army has allocated nearly $700 million for the prototyping phase, set to run from 2023 to 2027, making it a crucial project for the future of military operations.

Latin American Market Expansion

In April of the previous year, Milrem Robotics achieved a significant milestone by opening its combat and firefighting ground drones for the Latin American market, with a specific focus on Brazil.

This expansion signifies the company’s commitment to providing innovative robotic solutions to a broader global audience.

The combat and firefighting ground drones offered by Milrem Robotics are designed to address various security and defense challenges.

These drones can be deployed in various scenarios, from surveillance to firefighting, where their robotic capabilities offer a significant advantage in terms of safety and effectiveness.

Consortium-Led Testing in France

In a remarkable demonstration of their commitment to advancing robotics and AI technologies, Milrem Robotics led a consortium in testing various ground drones in France.

This initiative supported a European Union (EU) program aimed at developing manned and unmanned teaming methods to address “a large range of missions” in the future.

The ability to collaborate and test innovative technologies in a real-world environment is essential for staying at the forefront of the rapidly evolving field of robotics in defense.

The project in France underlines the company’s dedication to staying at the cutting edge of technological advancements. By participating in this consortium, Milrem Robotics is actively contributing to developing methods that will shape the future of manned and unmanned military operations.


In summary, Milrem Robotics has introduced an innovative AI-guided tactical UGV by combining the THeMIS platform with the AI-powered HITROLE weapon station—offering versatile applications, from surveillance to counter-sniper operations, enhancing both warfighting capabilities and troop safety.

Milrem Robotics is also collaborating with Loc Performance to develop the “WarLoc” robotic combat vehicle for the US Army, which will incorporate autonomous navigation and AI decision-making.

Expanding globally, the company now offers combat and firefighting ground drones in the Latin American market. Their participation in consortium-led ground drone testing in France highlights their commitment to advancing military technology.

Disclaimer: SOFREP utilizes AI for image generation and article research. Occasionally, it’s like handing a chimpanzee the keys to your liquor cabinet. It’s not always perfect and if a mistake is made, we own up to it full stop. In a world where information comes at us in tidal waves, it is an important tool that helps us sift through the brass for live rounds.