The Shangri-La Dialogue held in Singapore saw shots being traded back and forth by the United States and China as the Chinese continue to be aggressive in the Indo-Pacific, with Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin expressing support for the island nation of Taiwan amid threats and aggression from the Chinese military.

In Austin’s remarks during the event, the Defense Secretary did not mince any of his words when referring to issues relating to China and Taiwan. These two countries have been increasingly hostile toward one another as China asserts its claim that Taipei is a definitive part of China.

“We’ll also stand by our friends as they uphold their rights. That’s especially important as the PRC adopts a more coercive and aggressive approach to its territorial claims,” he said.

He expressed that the “stakes are stark” when speaking about the Taiwan Strait. These statements from Austin did not only come after continued Chinese aggression along the strait but also after new security agreements with the Solomon Islands after the Solomons turned away from its pro-Taiwanese stance.

“In the East China Sea, the PRC’s expanding fishing fleet is sparking tensions with its neighbors. In the South China Sea, the PRC is using outposts on man-made islands bristling with advanced weaponry to advance its illegal maritime claims,” Austin explained, adding that the Chinese were plundering other countries’ maritime provisions as they operate illegally within the respective territorial waters of Indo-Pacific countries.

“You know, Indo-Pacific countries shouldn’t face political intimidation, economic coercion, or harassment by maritime militias. So the Department of Defense will maintain our active presence across the Indo-Pacific. We will continue to support the 2016 Arbitral Tribunal ruling. And we will fly, sail, and operate wherever international law allows. And we’ll do this right alongside our partners,” Austin explained, citing the 2016 Arbitral Tribunal ruling that the Philippines had won in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. This case essentially proved the so-called nine-dash line had no basis and was utter moot.

This was also the ruling that the Philippines did not assert on China during the Duterte Administration, as Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte had been pro-China with his foreign policies, having been involved with Chinese infrastructure investments.

In another portion of the speech, Austin said that the US policy was “unchanged and unwavering” in terms of the longstanding one-China policy.

“We remain firmly committed to our longstanding one-China policy—guided by the Taiwan Relations Act, the three Joint Communiques, and the Six Assurances. We categorically oppose any unilateral changes to the status quo from either side. We do not support Taiwan independence. And we stand firmly behind the principle that cross-strait differences must be resolved by peaceful means,” he explained.

However, he did maintain that the US will still continue to support Taiwan under the Taiwan Relations Act, which includes assisting Taiwan with its self-defense capacity. He would later go on to say that China has not been holding up its own end of the deal by being increasingly aggressive towards other countries in the Indo-Pacific.

“We remain focused on maintaining peace, stability, and the status quo across the Taiwan Strait. But the PRC’s moves threaten to undermine security, and stability, and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific. And that’s crucial for this region, and it’s crucial for the wider world.”

Furthermore, Austin vehemently denied that the US was forming an “Asian NATO” and a “New Cold War,” as China has suggested in the past few months. This concept of an “Asian NATO” was brought about last April when China accused Australia, the US, and the UK, otherwise known as “AUKUS,” of forming the Asia-Pacific NATO as the three countries committed to developing hypersonic weapons together to share information, technology, and resources.

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“Its (AUKUS’) ultimate goal is to build a NATO replica in the Asia-Pacific to serve the US hegemony and self-interests through and through. Asia-Pacific countries will resolutely say no to it for sure,” Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao Lijian said last April, with his colleague Chinese envoy to the UN Zhang Jun stating that AUKUS will fuel a crisis much like Ukraine in Asia.

In turn, Austin would draw a parallel between the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the heated tensions between China and Taiwan, stating that the indefensible assault on a peaceful neighbor had reminded the world of the dangers of undercutting an international order rooted in laws.

“Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is what happens when oppressors trample the rules that protect us all,” he stated. “It’s what happens when big powers decide that their imperial appetites matter more than the rights of their peaceful neighbors. And it’s a preview of a possible world of chaos and turmoil that none of us would want to live in.”

Chinese Defense Minister General Wei Fenghe said at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore (Chen Mingjian). Source:
Chinese Defense Minister General Wei Fenghe said at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore (Chen Mingjian/Twitter)

Chinese Defense Minister General Wei Fenghe would reject all of the sentiments of Austin, to which he called the speech a “smearing accusation” and that it was an attempt by Washington to facilitate its own interests within the Indo-Pacific disguised as “multilateralism.”

“No country should impose its will on others or bully others under the guise of multilateralism,” the Chinese general stated. “The strategy is an attempt to build an exclusive small group in the name of a free and open Indo-Pacific to hijack countries in our region and target one specific country — it is a strategy to create conflict and confrontation to contain and encircle others,” he added.

Wei would then reverse the statements of Austin and would claim that it is the United States along with its allies who are being aggressive towards them in the South China Sea by conducting freedom of navigation patrols. The Philippines, Vietnam, and Indonesia have all rejected Chinese claims on several islands in the vicinity. The Philippines has especially enjoyed the continued military exercises with the US, which do not just aim to facilitate the exchange of knowledge between the two old allies but also serve as a check for Chinese aggression in the region. To this, China urged countries in the Indo-Pacific to come to them directly and find their own solutions without the intervention of the US.

“China calls for turning the South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation,” Wei said. “This is the shared wish and responsibility of countries in the region.”

China continues to state that all they want is a peaceful reunification with Taiwan. Despite these sentiments, the Chinese also expressed that they will do anything to obtain reunification, even through force if needed.

Later, the Chinese general would say that they would “not hesitate to fight” if anybody dares to secede Taiwan from China.

“If anyone dares to secede Taiwan from China, we will not hesitate to fight. We will fight at all costs. And we will fight to the very end,” Wei said.

“No one should ever underestimate the resolve and ability of the Chinese armed forces to safeguard its territorial integrity,” he continued.

These Chinese sentiments were fueled primarily by President Biden’s comment last month that the US would intervene militarily if China were to invade Taiwan, stating that it was a “commitment” the US made to Taiwan.

Later, Austin would backtrack the President’s statement and would reiterate that the US support for the One China policy had not changed, a sentiment he echoed during the Shangri-La Dialogue.